General information

Capital: Delhi

Currency unit: Rupee

Official language: Hindi, English

Area: 2,973,190 km²

Population in million: 1,352,620,000.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 2,010 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 7,763 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 51.9 

Annual growth rate of the population: 1.0 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 29.9 %

Life expectancy at birth: 69.2 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 74 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 2,718,730,000,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 14.6 

Industry value added of GDP: 26.7 

Services value added of GDP: 7.5 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 292,347,000.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 417,553,000.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Articles of jewellery (4.92 %)
Medicaments (3.62 %)
Motor cars and other motor vehicles (1.85 %)
Transmission apparatus for radio-broadcasting or television (1.34 %)
Cotton yarn (1.30 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Rice (1.94 %)
Cotton, not carded or combed (1.29 %)
Oil-cake resulting from the extraction of soyabean oil (0.85 %)
Vegetable saps and extracts (0.79 %)
Frozen meat of bovine animals (0.77 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              India: 78
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness78
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              India: 66
              Products competitiveness
              India: 54

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              India: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              India: 198
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              India: 258