Africa, from attractiveness to emergence
In this age of globalisation, competitiveness takes on a major importance. This competitiveness must be sustainable (i.e., be able to be maintained over time and not be acquired at the expense of the environment, especially the climate). In order for the growth momentum of African countries to remain strong, which is an essential economic, political and social stake for them, the development must be accompanied by an improvement in competitiveness, especially vis-à-vis emerging countries. Even if Africa is becoming an attractive continent, many countries still suffer from unfavourable conditions in different areas, such as the quality and price of infrastructure services, the solidity of institutions or even the vulnerability to political, economic and climate uncertainties.