South Africa

General information

Capital: Pretoria

Currency unit: South African rand

Official language: Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, Pedi, Sesotho (Sotho), siSwati (Swazi), Xitsonga (Tsonga), Tswana, Tshivenda (Venda), isiXhosa, isiZulu

Area: 1,213,090 km²

Population in million: 57,779,600.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 6,374 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 13,687 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 55.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 1.4 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 28.5 %

Life expectancy at birth: 63.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 87 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 368,289,000,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 2.2 

Industry value added of GDP: 25.9 

Services value added of GDP: 1.3 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 108,268,000.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 81,901,600.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Diamonds (7.53 %)
Ferro-alloys (4.09 %)
Motor cars and other motor vehicles (4.09 %)
Motor vehicles for the transport of goods (1.95 %)
Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles (0.82 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Citrus fruit (1.15 %)
Wine of fresh grapes (0.82 %)
Grapes (0.73 %)
Chemical wood pulp (0.60 %)
Apples, pears and quinces (0.55 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              South Africa: 85
              Breakdown by component
              South Africa
              Price competitiveness85
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              South Africa: 56
              Products competitiveness
              South Africa: 83

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              South Africa: -
              Breakdown by component
              South Africa
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              South Africa: 97
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              South Africa: 131