General information

Capital: Asmara

Currency unit: Eritrean nakfa

Official language: Tigrinya (Tigrigna), Arabic, English

Area: 101,000 km²

Population in million: 4,475,000.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars):

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $):


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 80.6 

Annual growth rate of the population:

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 31.3 %

Life expectancy at birth: 65.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 77 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars:

Agriculture value added of GDP:

Industry value added of GDP:

Services value added of GDP:


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 274,492.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 308,399.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Men's shirts (0.63 %)
Precious and semi-precious stones (0.36 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Coffee (0.78 %)
Pepper of the genus (0.16 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Eritrea: 0
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness0
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Eritrea: 51
              Products competitiveness
              Eritrea: 1

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Eritrea: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Eritrea: >2,000
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Eritrea: >2,000