General information

Capital: Maputo

Currency unit: New Mozambican metical

Official language: Portuguese

Area: 786,380 km²

Population in million: 29,496,000.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 499 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 1,460 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 78.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.9 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 54.0 %

Life expectancy at birth: 59.3 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 61 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 14,717,200,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 24.5 

Industry value added of GDP: 24.3 

Services value added of GDP: 3.0 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 6,578,580.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 5,994,160.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Activated carbon (0.66 %)
Nitrogenous fertilisers (0.37 %)
Other tubes and pipes, open seam or welded, riveted, of iron or steel (0.28 %)
Precious and semi-precious stones (0.25 %)
Wigs, false beards, eyebrows and eyelashes (0.23 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Unmanufactured tobacco (4.72 %)
Cane or beet sugar (2.05 %)
Wood in the rough (1.82 %)
Wood sawn (1.28 %)
Crustaceans (1.22 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Mozambique: 56
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness56
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Mozambique: 36
              Products competitiveness
              Mozambique: 81

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Mozambique: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Mozambique: 301
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Mozambique: >2,000