General information

Capital: Banjul

Currency unit: Gambian dalasi

Official language: English

Area: 10,120 km²

Population in million: 2,280,100.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 716 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 2,612 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 59.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.9 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 39.0 %

Life expectancy at birth: 61.4 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 56 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 1,632,820,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 19.9 

Industry value added of GDP: 15.6 

Services value added of GDP: 9.9 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 174,444.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 1,162,160.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Woven fabrics of artificial filament yarn (25.64 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Wood in the rough (23.74 %)
Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts (19.37 %)
Ground-nut oil (5.80 %)
Ground-nuts (2.90 %)
Frozen fish (2.84 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Gambia: 38
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness38
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Gambia: 42
              Products competitiveness
              Gambia: 44

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Gambia: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Gambia: 1,944
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Gambia: >2,000