General information

Capital: Muqdisho (Mogadishu)

Currency unit: Somali shilling

Official language: Somali, Arabic

Area: 627,340 km²

Population in million: 15,008,200.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 315 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $):


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 46.4 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.8 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 76.6 %

Life expectancy at birth: 56.7 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24):


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 4,720,730,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP:

Industry value added of GDP:

Services value added of GDP:


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 198,128.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 2,234,060.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Tanned or crust hides and skins of other animals (0.93 %)
Polyacetals, other polyethers and epoxide resins (0.39 %)
Electrical transformers (0.01 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Live sheep and goats (60.79 %)
Live bovine (16.69 %)
Other live animals (9.09 %)
Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (4.72 %)
Wood charcoal (4.09 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Somalia: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Somalia: 0
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Somalia: 182