General information

Capital: Antananarivo

Currency unit: Malagasy ariary

Official language: French, Malagasy

Area: 581,800 km²

Population in million: 26,262,400.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 528 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 1,891 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 86.4 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.7 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 38.2 %

Life expectancy at birth: 66.3 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 75 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 13,853,400,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 23.8 

Industry value added of GDP: 23.1 

Services value added of GDP: 0.9 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 3,424,100.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 3,660,210.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans and waistcoats (11.21 %)
Women's suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers and dresses (3.86 %)
Men's suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers and trousers (3.58 %)
Men's shirts (2.38 %)
Essential oils (2.11 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Cloves (8.15 %)
Crustaceans (7.46 %)
Vanilla (4.96 %)
Prepared or preserved fish (3.10 %)
Other fruit (2.35 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Madagascar: 49
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness49
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Madagascar: -
              Products competitiveness
              Madagascar: -

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Madagascar: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Madagascar: 121
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Madagascar: 114