General information

Capital: Addis Ababa

Currency unit: Ethiopian birr

Official language: Amharic, English

Area: 1,000,000 km²

Population in million: 109,225,000.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 772 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 2,022 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 80.3 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.6 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 39.1 %

Life expectancy at birth: 65.9 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 52 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 84,355,600,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 31.2 

Industry value added of GDP: 27.3 

Services value added of GDP: 8.8 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 2,196,100.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 7,995,760.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Tanned or crust skins of sheep or lambs (2.00 %)
Tanned or crust hides and skins of other animals (0.84 %)
Cotton yarn (0.56 %)
T-shirts, singlets and other vests (0.38 %)
Footwear with outer soles (0.33 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Coffee (26.27 %)
Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (14.74 %)
Other vegetables (10.17 %)
Flowers (7.79 %)
Dried leguminous vegetables (5.81 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Ethiopia: 24
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness24
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Ethiopia: 36
              Products competitiveness
              Ethiopia: 36

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Ethiopia: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Ethiopia: 180
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Ethiopia: >2,000