General information

Capital: Lilongwe

Currency unit: Malawi kwacha

Official language: English, Nyanja

Area: 94,280 km²

Population in million: 18,143,300.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 389 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 1,311 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 77.3 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.6 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 35.3 %

Life expectancy at birth: 63.3 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 66 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 7,064,970,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 26.1 

Industry value added of GDP: 14.4 

Services value added of GDP: 4.0 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 869,254.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 1,441,270.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Radioactive chemical elements (6.39 %)
Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans and waistcoats (0.63 %)
Women's blouses and shirts (0.56 %)
Articles for the conveyance or packing of goods, of plastics (0.50 %)
Fibreboard of wood (0.28 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Unmanufactured tobacco (52.76 %)
Cane or beet sugar (5.72 %)
Tea (5.61 %)
Dried leguminous vegetables (4.21 %)
Cotton, not carded or combed (2.93 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Malawi: 35
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness35
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Malawi: 25
              Products competitiveness
              Malawi: 73

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Malawi: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Malawi: 139
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Malawi: 876