General information

Capital: Bamako

Currency unit: CFA franc

Official language: French

Area: 1,220,190 km²

Population in million: 19,077,700.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 900 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 2,317 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 71.0 

Annual growth rate of the population: 3.0 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 62.0 %

Life expectancy at birth: 58.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 35 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 17,163,400,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 38.7 

Industry value added of GDP: 19.1 

Services value added of GDP: 4.7 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 2,308,630.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 4,555,890.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Other fertilisers (3.61 %)
Nitrogenous fertilisers (0.57 %)
Tanned or crust skins of sheep or lambs (0.50 %)
Tanned or crust hides and skins of other animals (0.41 %)
Apparatus for communication (0.15 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Cotton, not carded or combed (14.64 %)
Cotton, carded or combed (5.11 %)
Live bovine (2.25 %)
Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (1.66 %)
Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, guavas and mangoes (0.84 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Mali: 48
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness48
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Mali: 34
              Products competitiveness
              Mali: 74

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Mali: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Mali: 64
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Mali: >2,000