General information

Capital: Accra

Currency unit: New Ghanaian cedi

Official language: English

Area: 227,540 km²

Population in million: 29,767,100.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 2,202 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 4,747 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 67.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.2 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 34.9 %

Life expectancy at birth: 63.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 79 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 65,556,500,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 18.3 

Industry value added of GDP: 31.5 

Services value added of GDP: 2.7 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 17,141,400.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 13,236,500.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Wood sheets for veneering (0.80 %)
Beauty or make-up preparations (0.31 %)
Fibreboard of wood (0.24 %)
Carpets and other textile floor coverings (0.18 %)
Tableware, kitchenware and other household articles, of plastics (0.17 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Cocoa beans (16.36 %)
Cocoa paste (2.80 %)
Cocoa butter, fat and oil (1.38 %)
Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts (1.30 %)
Prepared or preserved fish (1.09 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Ghana: 78
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness78
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Ghana: 46
              Products competitiveness
              Ghana: 93

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Ghana: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Ghana: 141
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Ghana: 41