General information

Capital: Al-Qahirah (Cairo)

Currency unit: Egyptian pound

Official language: Arabic

Area: 995,450 km²

Population in million: 98,423,600.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 2,549 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 12,412 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 48.1 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.0 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 18.1 %

Life expectancy at birth: 71.7 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 71 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 250,895,000,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 11.2 

Industry value added of GDP: 35.1 

Services value added of GDP: 5.0 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 30,133,300.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 64,136,300.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Nitrogenous fertilisers (3.50 %)
Insulated wire, cable and other insulated electric conductors (2.44 %)
Men's suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers and trousers (1.45 %)
Women's suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers and dresses (1.06 %)
Flat-rolled products of iron or steel, hot-rolled (1.01 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Citrus fruit (1.77 %)
Cheese (1.16 %)
Potatoes (0.72 %)
Cane or beet sugar (0.63 %)
Rice (0.62 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Egypt: 56
              Breakdown by component
              Price competitiveness56
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Egypt: 61
              Products competitiveness
              Egypt: 30

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities

              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances

              Egypt: -
              Breakdown by component
              Revealed competitivenes and economic performances-
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported primary products (except oil and ores)
              Egypt: 186
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products
              Egypt: 607