General information

Capital: Muqdisho (Mogadishu)

Currency unit: Somali shilling

Official language: Somali, Arabic

Area: 637,660 km²

Population in million: 14.7 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 500 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $):


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 46.1 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.9 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 79.7 %

Life expectancy at birth: 56.3 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24):


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 7.37 

Agriculture value added of GDP:

Industry value added of GDP:

Services value added of GDP:


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 0.33 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 2.22 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Tanned or crust hides and skins of other animals (0.97 %)
Polyacetals, other polyethers and epoxide resins (0.39 %)
Electrical transformers (0.01 %)
Electronic integrated circuits (0.01 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Live sheep and goats (60.67 %)
Live bovine (16.66 %)
Other live animals (9.07 %)
Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (4.72 %)
Wood charcoal (4.08 %)

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              Population size

              Somalia: 30
              Breakdown by component
              Population size30