General information

Capital: Addis Ababa

Currency unit: Ethiopian birr

Official language: Amharic, English

Area: 1,104,300 km²

Population in million: 105.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 768 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 1,899 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 82.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.5 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 41.0 %

Life expectancy at birth: 65.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 49 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 80.56 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 34.1 

Industry value added of GDP: 22.9 

Services value added of GDP: 36.9 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 3.13 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 17.93 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Tanned or crust skins of sheep or lambs (2.06 %)
Tanned or crust hides and skins of other animals (0.87 %)
Cotton yarn (0.57 %)
T-shirts, singlets and other vests (0.39 %)
Footwear with outer soles (0.33 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Coffee (26.96 %)
Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits (15.15 %)
Other vegetables (10.43 %)
Flowers (7.98 %)
Dried leguminous vegetables (5.96 %)

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              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products

              Ethiopia: 1,180
              Breakdown by component
              Weighted market shares index of the 5 major exported manufactured products1,180