Sao Tome and Principe

General information

Capital: São Tomé

Currency unit: Sao Tomé and Principe dobra

Official language: Portuguese

Area: 960 km²

Population in million: 211,028.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 2,001 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 3,419 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 59.5 

Annual growth rate of the population: 1.9 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 24.4 %

Life expectancy at birth: 69.9 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 93 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 422,297,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 11.4 

Industry value added of GDP: 14.8 

Services value added of GDP: 2.5 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 15,675.90 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 140,185.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Other watches (18.93 %)
Articles of jewellery (14.36 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Cocoa beans (61.70 %)

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              Global Sustainable Competitiveness Indicator

              The indicator highlights the scores of each of the three pillars of the sustainable competitiveness. A larger area means a higher score (0-100) and therefore a more favorable economic situation.

              Price competitiveness

              Sao Tome and Principe: 10
              Breakdown by component
              Sao Tome and Principe
              Price competitiveness10
              Macroeconomic competitiveness
              Sao Tome and Principe: -
              Products competitiveness
              Sao Tome and Principe: -

              Durability and resistance to vulnerabilities