General information

Capital: Nouakchott

Currency unit: Mauritanian ouguiya

Official language: Arabic

Area: 1,030,700 km²

Population in million: 4,403,320.0 

GDP per capita (current US dollars): 1,189 

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 4,151 


Labor force participation rate (% of total population ages 15+): 46.3 

Annual growth rate of the population: 2.8 %

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 51.5 %

Life expectancy at birth: 64.5 ans

Youth literacy rate Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24): 53 %


Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions of US dollars: 5,234,820,000.00 

Agriculture value added of GDP: 25.9 

Industry value added of GDP: 26.1 

Services value added of GDP: 8.4 


Total exports in billions of US dollars: 3,103,210.00 

Total imports in billions of US dollars: 4,740,960.00 

Major manufactured products (as % of total exports) :
Cartons, boxes, cases, bags and other packing containers of paper (0.07 %)
Tubes and pipes, seamless, of iron or steel (0.00 %)

Weight of major primary products excluding minerals and oil (as % of total exports) :
Frozen fish (12.09 %)
Molluscs (8.05 %)
Fresh or chilled fish (1.81 %)
Animal meals, unfit for human consumption (1.46 %)
Fats and oils (0.29 %)

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              Gini Index

              Mauritania: 86
              Breakdown by component
              Gini Index86